Are you one of those who can not live without a cup of coffee a day at least? If this drink is one of your great passions, today you can learn how to grow coffee at home and obtain a grain of exceptional quality.
It may seem like an unaffordable challenge, and the truth is that not all climates are equally suitable. But of course, it is a beautiful challenge for the most intrepid gardeners and will always give an exotic touch to our garden or terrace.
Some facts about coffee
Did you know that the scientific name of coffee is coffee arabica? It belongs to the Rubiaceae family and is native to Ethiopia and tropical regions of Africa, although its cultivation is also widespread in South America.
This plant usually measures between 3 and 7 meters high, although if it is in the middle of nature, it can reach 10 meters. Despite these measures, we can also have the coffee plant as an indoor plant.
On the other hand, there is also a variety known as robusta. Its fruit is not as appreciated as that of Arabica, but on the contrary, it is a more resistant plant, as its name makes you guess. It is typical of Central Africa and is adapted to drier places with poor soils.
Optimal conditions for the coffee tree and its cultivation
The coffee tree needs heat and humidity but in its proper measure. The plantations, to be profitable, must be located in places where there is abundant and well-distributed rain, whose temperatures do not usually fall below 19 degrees and with high ambient humidity. For that reason, they grow as well in tropical mountain climates, as the interior of Colombia or Costa Rica. In Spain, for example, there is only one large coffee plantation on the island of Gran Canaria.
However, with a bit of pampering, you can also adapt to other less favorable conditions. The coffee tree will be less productive, it will have a more modest size, or it will be more vulnerable and certain diseases, but nothing that with the appropriate attention cannot overcome.