How To Grow Coffee At Home

Are you one of those who can not live without a cup of coffee a day at least? If this drink is one of your great passions, today you can learn how to grow coffee at home and obtain a grain of exceptional quality.

It may seem like an unaffordable challenge, and the truth is that not all climates are equally suitable. But of course, it is a beautiful challenge for the most intrepid gardeners and will always give an exotic touch to our garden or terrace.

    Some facts about coffee

Did you know that the scientific name of coffee is coffee arabica? It belongs to the Rubiaceae family and is native to Ethiopia and tropical regions of Africa, although its cultivation is also widespread in South America.

This plant usually measures between 3 and 7 meters high, although if it is in the middle of nature, it can reach 10 meters. Despite these measures, we can also have the coffee plant as an indoor plant.

On the other hand, there is also a variety known as robusta. Its fruit is not as appreciated as that of Arabica, but on the contrary, it is a more resistant plant, as its name makes you guess. It is typical of Central Africa and is adapted to drier places with poor soils.

Optimal conditions for the coffee tree and its cultivation

The coffee tree needs heat and humidity but in its proper measure. The plantations, to be profitable, must be located in places where there is abundant and well-distributed rain, whose temperatures do not usually fall below 19 degrees and with high ambient humidity. For that reason, they grow as well in tropical mountain climates, as the interior of Colombia or Costa Rica. In Spain, for example, there is only one large coffee plantation on the island of Gran Canaria.

However, with a bit of pampering, you can also adapt to other less favorable conditions. The coffee tree will be less productive, it will have a more modest size, or it will be more vulnerable and certain diseases, but nothing that with the appropriate attention cannot overcome.

How To Grow This Plant At Home?

  1. To plant coffee seeds, these have to be from a recent crop so that they germinate more easily. The best thing is to buy the berries with pulp, which indicates that they are fresh.
  2. The soil for planting must be completely clean. Much better if we do it in a new land, in a mixture of peat (70%) and perlite (30%).
  3. The reproduction is done by mature seeds or cuttings when the good weather season begins.
  4. We should plant the seeds at a depth of 3 – 4 cm and water them abundantly.
  5. Next, we must reduce irrigation to keep the soil moist without puddles. The chosen earth will be of moderate permeability to achieve this balance.

If this process seems very complicated, you can always buy the plant without having to wait for the seed to germinate. The plant will flourish in the third or fourth year. The necessary precautions are: do not expose it too abrupt changes in temperature, remove it outdoors in summer and take special care with pests and diseases such as the fearsome rust or iron stain.

When the berries have a bright red color, the pulp will be removed, and it will be left to dry for two or three days in the sun to later roast the beans, grind them and enjoy a homemade coffee. Also, if we plant the coffee in a garden area, we should know that the plant tends to pick up aromas from nearby fruit orchards, so it is better to plant the coffee tree near an orange tree than from an onion field.

With these simple steps to grow coffee at home, you can enjoy this delicious drink with greater pleasure. And for this moment to be unique and nothing can spoil it, the MAPFRE Home Insurance offers you all the assistance and coverages you need in the event of any unforeseen event.